打破固有模式 在家工作空間將大幅興起


WORKING FROM HOME 採訪Paul Barnett Design Group GREEN BUILDING 2020 JUN / JUL Vol.065
74 2020-07-09
關鍵字 :  封面故事

設計總監 Paul Barnnet 與來自台灣設計學院的學子暢談設計思考與方法 。

採訪Paul Barnett Design Group

打破固有模式 在家工作空間將大幅興起

受訪、圖片提供:Paul Barnett
書信採訪:張雅雲、賴姿穎
翻譯:呂慧穎
 
【Paul Barnett Design Group】
Paul Barnett Design Group 是一間位於澳洲坎培拉的建築設計公司,在業界擁有超過 25 年的豐富經驗。他們關心人、自然與建築如何結合與互動,善用蓄水設計(Waterharvesting)、親生物設計(biophilic design)以及生態院落的方式(Naturescapes)創建高效能建築(High Performance Building)。曾獲被動式節能房屋(Passiv Haus)、綠星(Green Star)、生態建築挑戰(Living Building Challenge)等獎項與指標的認證,無論在景觀、社區、住宅都有所貢獻。
 
 
Paul Barnett Design Group
 
新型冠狀病毒(COVID-19)疫情爆發,面對突如其來的疫情,大家必須在短時間內轉換為在家工作的模式,在這段時間事務所做了哪些因應措施?
To respond to the pandemic of COVID-19, we all have to make a work mode switch from office space to focusing on home space. What kind of adjustments did you make during this period?
我們一直以來都在承接政府部門的案件,提供必要性的服務。因此,我們已經建立了家庭辦公室的制度,讓所有的同仁都能同時在辦公室和家中工作。同處辦公空間時,我們會彼此保持距離,並且遵守勤洗手及其他健康衛生要求。同仁之間都會保持聯繫,每週數天仍會在辦公室共同工作。
We have ben doing government work and are considered essential services. We have set up home offices and have run our office from our work premises and at people homes. We keep our distance and follow the required handwashing and health requirements. We have keep in contact and work in the office several days a week.
 
遠距工作(在家工作)時,員工們陸續遇到什麼問題?
What kind of problems do employees encounter while teleworking (work from home)?
我們善用電腦文件共享系統,每週也有幾天時間用以協調手邊的工作。
We use a computer file share system and catch up several days a week at work to coordinate what we do.
 
請問您在遠距工作時使用了哪些軟硬體設施的輔助?
Which software do you use for teleworking?
我們使用Zoom和OneDrive共享文件。
We use Zoom and OneDrive for sharing files.
 
工作夥伴們對於遠距工作(在家工作)的接受度如何?大家在心境上是否有變化?
How well do your co-workers accept teleworking (working from home)? What are their feelings about the change?
遠距工作小組每週至少有三天會進辦公室,因此有很多機會可以進行交流和協調遠距工作的內容。
Our team is in the office at least 3 days a week so there is plenty of opportunity to communicate and coordinate out work.
 
 
澳洲坎培拉解除封鎖後的城市風景照。
 
如何透過遠距管理工作進度?
How to manage the progress of work?
我們制訂了工作產出的要求,並且一直都以客戶計劃需求為依歸。一切運作都相當順利。
We have output requirements and we always meet our clients program needs. Everything is working well.
 
遠距工作的效率相較於平常是否有變化?
How about the work efficiency in teleworking?
線上會議因為省去了交通往返,因此節省了許多時間。因為通勤時數的減少,反而讓我們可以完成更多的工作。
Meeting on line has saved us time with reduced transport times. We get more done because we are traveling less.
 
由於在家工作,如何結合或分離居家空間和辦公空間?
How do you separate workspace from other living sections in a house?
同仁們都有指定的居家辦公空間,這對我們來說不是問題。
We all have a designated home office so it was no problem.
 
就營運成本來說,在家工作是否會比在辦公室中更節省?
In terms of operating costs, will working from home be more economical than working in the office?
其實目前並沒有減少營運成本,主要因為因應遠辦公需求而設置了兩個工作站,所以需要額外的硬體成本。目前我們已有兩個團隊開始居家辦公,慢慢可以更清楚了解營運成本的增減。
No we have 2 workstation set up so there are additional hardware costs. But we already had some of these set up because 2 of our team were already doing some work at home.
 
 
澳洲坎培拉解除封鎖後的城市風景照。
 
此次疫情給您的啟示是?您覺得在家工作的模式會不會由此延續而發展?是否會使原本事務所的工作型態產生變化?
Did the epidemic give you any inspiration? Do you think that people will still continue working from home after the pandemic? Will it change the work style of your company?
這次疫情成為創造工作與生活新平衡的機會,我們可以彈性調整通勤和工作的時間,來配合家庭生活和工作的需要。減少了浪費在尖峰時的塞車時間,加上線上會議省去了交通往返時間,讓我們所有人的時間調配更加靈活,更有利於取得工作與家庭生活間的和諧。
This has been a real opportunity to create a new work life balance where we adjust travel times and working times to suit our family and social needs.
This could simplify traffic congestion at peak hour, miminise travel with more meeting on line and create more harmony between work and home commitment just by enabling us all to be more flexible.
 
公共空間將城市各處連結在一起。許多景觀設計也是強調公共空間的規劃以凝聚人與人之間的關係,但如今疫情的爆發迫使我們分開,社交距離的疏遠,已經引起了人們對公共空間在這種時代的作用,產生了些許懷疑。請問這對事務所的個案規劃是否有所影響?是否有新的想法改變或誕生?我們如何依此創建既有社交空間、又能獨處的社區或總體規劃?
Public space, but now the epidemic forces us to be isolated, it has caused people to have some doubts about the role of public space. Will it affect your projects in the future? Are you inspired by the epidemic? How to create a community or a master planning that has both social space and individual space?
這既是哲學問題,也是實質問題。像是我的母親年紀大了,最近想著能夠抱抱自己的孫子。但是隔離的措施和媒體鎮日的報導,加深了大家對於病毒的恐懼而導致焦慮。但相互聯繫是人類基本的生理和心理需求,因此各國政府有必要為人民創造一個能夠安全交流的環境。如果我們能夠從這次疫情的挑戰中,獲得新的認知與能力,就能夠回饋到安全的居住環境管理和增進群體的福利,同時也豐富了人類全體的經驗。
目前在我們手頭上的自然遊戲場設計案裡,就從這次疫情獲得啟發,規劃了個人和群體社交的空間。其實與人交往的動力一直存在我們內心,只是沒有意識到這份渴望;而所謂「自己所屬的空間」也是根據自我意識、生命階段和生活經驗而有不同。我相信未來我們的設計會更自覺地去處理個人和團體的空間範疇或棲息領域。一旦設計者覺知受到改變,就不會再忽視這種自覺的存在。
每當60多億人口面對新病毒(新疫情)時,就會帶來意識形態的調適與改變。可以看到人們對於糧食自種、親密關係的價值,以及地球遭受汙染的方式有了更多的關注,因為我們可以直接看到,當人類因疫情而不再燃燒那麼多化石燃料時,地球變得潔淨許多。我覺得這或許是我一生中從未預見過的可能性─有機會去創造一個以社區、家庭、和工作為中心的新型社會結構。將我們關注的焦點從都市分散到環境這類更為單純的區域,這樣市郊及社區就能夠因群體和跨世代的交融而變得更活躍,而不是像過去一般將人歸類在托兒和老人安養族群,或是將工作和居住分開,導致週末只見死寂的辦公空間,而週間上班時間市郊總是空蕩蕩。
我們的意識正在不停的運作,面對這些挑戰,希望確保它們能夠轉變成為對於人類、大自然和地球更具有創造性的應變力。因此我說,我依然不斷受到啟發並且充滿創造力。
This is a philosophical as well as a practical question. My mother is elderly and currently misses the ability to hug her grandchildren. There has been an increase in anxiety as a result of isolation and media focus on the fear of the virus. There remains an essential physiological and emotional requirement to connect with our species. The reaction by the world authorities has been necessary to create a safe place for us all. Out if this may come a new awareness and ability to manage our safe living environment and our welfare and at the same time the enrichment of human experience.
We already work on natural playscape that create both private and social space. This dynamic has always been with us. We just have not been conscious of our desire to socialise and to be in ones own space depending on who we are, our phase in life and our current life experience. I believe we will design more consciously about individual and group scope or habitats. Our consciousness has been changed and we will not return to unconsciousness completely.
Each time a new virus occurs within our 6 billion plus population will bring a response from a slightly altered state of consciousness. It has seen the emergence of more interest in growing your own food, the value of intimacy, the way we pollute the earth because we can see how clean it is when we don’t burn so many fossil fuels. I feel this is a possibility never before seen in my lifetime. To create a new social structure centered around community, family , home, and our work. To decentralize our focus form the city, to simply environments so that suburbs and communities become alive with social and cross generational mix rather than grouping people in childcare, elderly peoples homes an separating work and home community so that we have a dead office on weekend and an empty suburb during the week.
Many thing are happening in our consciousness. The challenges is to ensure they become a creative response of possibility for humanity , nature and the planet. I remain inspired and filled with creative possibility.
 
 
澳洲坎培拉解除封鎖後的城市風景照。
 
 
澳洲坎培拉解除封鎖後的城市風景照。

74 2020-07-09

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