澳洲首都特區永續生活 ——GINNINDERRY 社區開發案
澳洲百年規劃 首都城市的遠見 台灣建築雜誌2022年10月 Vol.325
關鍵字 : 都市規劃、生態永續
© Ginninderry╱CSED studio 澳洲永續環境研究室
多個面向。他們的努力受到澳洲綠色建築委員會（Green Building Council Australia）的認可，
未來將有大約有3 萬人將定居於橫跨澳洲首都特區（Australia Capital Territory, ACT）及新南威爾
士州（State of New South Wales）邊界的壯麗景致中。社區包含四個郊區，30年內將以每年300
也經鑑定，並與歐洲移民留下的貝爾康納農務區（Belconnen Farm Precinct）一同在當地被保存
（blackspots）。吉尼德瑞的都市智慧水設計（Water Sensitive Urban Design, WSUD）也處於
Sustainable living in Australia's capital
Nestled in Australia's bush capital, the Ginninderry community is inspiring a new way of living.
How? By being Canberra's most sustainable community.
A word attached to many modern developments and urban spaces, sustainability in Ginninderry is a mantra that pulses through every aspect of this unique community. Its residents are committed to making an impact, and the proof is in its numerous achievements in nature conservation, urban design, construction, and long-term liveability.
Their work has been recognised by the Green Building Council Australia, which named Ginninderry one of the first 6 Star Green Star Communities in Australia and recertified in 2021 at a world-leading standard.
Ginninderry has been planned with an eye to the future.
Around 30,000 people will one day make their home in the spectacular setting that extends across the borders of the Australian Capital Territory and the State of New South Wales. Consisting of four suburbs, the community will grow over 30 years at the rate of three or four hundred homes a year, eventually totalling 11,500 homes.
Ginninderry's planning has been focused on creating a sustainable community of international significance in Canberra. By raising the bar for best practices in sustainability, design, construction and innovation, it aims to create a world-class community that delivers an exceptional quality of life for Ginninderry residents.
This long-term vision means the project team can explore and extend best practice thinking over time. In the early planning stages, the Ginninderry team spent significant time consulting with First Nations people, community groups, scientists, researchers and even futurists to establish the vision. As the project matures, the team actively reviews progress, making refinements to future-proof the community. The recent launch of Ginninderry's second suburb – Macnamara – is evidence of this, with all homes in the new suburb required to meet a 7-star Energy Efficiency Rating – a first for the region.
Life in Ginninderry
The name Ginninderry is derived from a First Nations word meaning' sparkling' or 'throwing out little rays of light'. It symbolises the water bodies that flow through the district and is a fitting acknowledgment of the area's First Nations and European heritage. Significant First Nations archaeological sites have also been identified, preserved and protected throughout the area, along with European heritage sites such as the Belconnen Farm Precinct that will be incorporated in future planning.
Ginninderry was the first neighbourhood in Canberra designed to be fully electric –a somewhat controversial move at the time that required considerable planning and stakeholder engagement. Natural gas was mandated in the ACT at the time, but the Ginninderry team wanted to future-proof for rapid technological advances and a changing climate.
The ACT Government has now removed the mandatory gas requirement for new suburbs and is soon to require all residential development to be designed as fully electric.
Homebuyers at Ginninderry must install solar panels, solar or heat pump hot water systems, efficient reverse cycle air conditioning and an energy demand management system. While the upfront cost of these energy-efficiency measures is higher, residents save significantly in lower ongoing running costs.
Smart energy management extends beyond homes, with the project team creating a new model for community-scale energy systems. By working in partnership with energy network providers, the plan is that the community can store and generate renewable energy much more efficiently.
Ginninderry's first community-scale battery will be installed in 2022, providing grid support to the network that services Canberra. The battery will help control power flow in and out of the neighbourhood by storing and releasing power at certain times of the day and night.
Several sites for battery storage projects have been allocated as part of Ginninderry's vision for the future energy system, along with space for EV charging points at schools, commercial centres and neighbourhood parks. At the same time, the team have also provisioned 5G technology along main boulevards to avoid blackspots for automated vehicles in the future.
Ginninderry's Water Sensitive Urban Design is also world-class, ensuring that the surrounding waterways are protected and preserved. As the development progresses over the coming years, so will these innovative initiatives.
Ginninderry residents will eventually have access to community food gardens, dog parks, play areas, tracks and new recreation and picnic areas along the Murrumbidgee River.
A range of events and festivities are also held throughout the year and a central connection point at The Link – Ginninderry's community and information centre. Currently, it hosts the project management team and sales office whilst also being used for art exhibitions, workshops, training and community gatherings.
The Link also features a barbecue, tandoor oven, community and native garden beds, children's playhouse and art installations.
The community's location is another integral part of its status as a sustainable community, with every house located within a 5-minute walk from a park or open space. Commutes are also short, with a 10-minute drive to the closest major shopping district at Belconnen and the Canberra city centre only 20 minutes away.
Finally, the SPARK program is a unique training and employment initiative that was born out of a commitment to improving the education, social, and economic outcomes of residents in the local area. This award-winning program was established in 2016, and with a dedicated team responsible for planning, managing and implementing the education, work experience and training and employment opportunities, it generates economic opportunities for the local community.
Housing for a diverse community
A diversity of housing types helps cater to the housing needs of people at different stages of their lives and an increasingly diverse range of household types. This planning principle is evident at Ginninderry, from the design of the neighbourhoods to the range of housing options on offer.
Generating community connection is built into the masterplan, taking shape as a series of villages arranged along tree-lined avenues connecting pedestrians, cyclists, public transport and cars to local facilities.
Ginninderry's neighbourhood landscape is defined by an array of character precincts from the market centre to the conservation edge, an approach that facilitates a wide range of home types to create interesting streetscapes and a unique character within each neighbourhood.
Housing types include apartments, townhouses, terrace homes, detached homes on compact lots, detached one and two-storey homes on larger blocks, streetscape homes (detached family homes with rear lane access for garaging), homes for intergenerational living as well as the Flexi-living series; a home designed to address the "missing middle" between an apartment and a traditional home. These are homes that are separately titled but offer the convenience and low-maintenance lifestyle of an apartment.
Ginninderry sets clear eligibility criteria for the Flexi-living Series. The architecturally designed one, two- and three-bedroom homes are for people looking to enter or re-enter the property market. Purchasers must commit to living in the home for three years and meet a household income threshold.
Because the Ginninderry Joint Venture is the developer of the Flexi-living Series, each home upholds Ginninderry's stringent design standards. Affordability also extends to running costs with Flexi-living Homes prioritising sustainable built-form features such as double glazing, insulation, PV solar panels, home energy management systems, and more.
A Conservation Corridor and Trust
Beyond Ginninderry's urban area lies the Ginninderry Conservation Corridor, 596 hectares of land spanning the border of the ACT and NSW along the Murrumbidgee River and Ginninderra Creek. Established alongside Ginninderry and managed by the independent Ginninderry Conservation Trust, this conservation corridor is integral to sustainable living. It incorporates a landscape of open woodland, native grasslands, a flowing river and waterfalls and is home to an abundant range of flora and fauna, including endangered species.
1% of every ACT land sale goes to the Ginninderry Conservation Trust, which is backed by a Management Plan for the Ginninderry Conservation Corridor. This was developed to establish a consistent framework for biodiversity and heritage conservation, ecological restoration and visitor use as the Corridor is gradually developed over time.
The Conservation Trust is another way the community supports better outcomes for the local environment and the Corridor. Consisting of representatives from the community and overseen by a Board, the Trust manages the land in the corridor. This includes protecting and restoring ecosystems and habitats, maintaining the rich First Nations and European cultural heritage, and ensuring that the land is left in better health for future generations.
To learn more about Ginninderry and to watch it evolve in the years to come, visit the Ginninderry website or follow on Facebook and Instagram.
Pull out box:
Ginninderry fast facts:
A joint venture between the ACT Government and Riverview Developments (ACT) Pty Ltd, the first sod was turned in 2018
A 6 Star Green Star Communities rating representing 'world leadership'.
A cross-border community that will eventually house 11,500 dwellings across four suburbs over 30-40 years
A market centre, recreation, sports and community facilities and up to four schools
Of the 1,600-hectare site, 596 hectares have been set aside as a conservation corridor along the Murrumbidgee River and Ginninderra Creek
Commendation Improving Planning Processes - Ginninderry Cross
Border Planning project- Planning Institute of Australia (NSW)
2020 Green Star Champion- Green Building Council of Australia
Significant Contribution to Heritage Conservation for Ginninderry Local
History Study- National Trust of Australia – ACT: Heritage Awards
Commendation – Strathnairn – All Electric Suburb- Planning Institute of
Australia National Awards for Planning Excellence
Centrepiece Award for Exemplary Leadership in Ginninderry Master
Planning- Place Leaders Asia Pacific
Public Engagement and Community Planning- ACT Planning Institute of
Australia Awards for Planning Excellence
The Link – From Plan to Place- ACT Planning Institute of Australia
Awards for Planning Excellence
Strathnairn – All Electric Suburb- ACT Planning Institute of Australia
Awards for Planning Excellence
Sustainable Architecture (The Link)- Australian Institute of Architects ACT
Public Engagement and Community Planning- Planning Institute
Australia: National Awards for Planning Excellence
Outstanding contribution to ACT Heritage (Ginninderry Development
Project Aboriginal Cultural Assessment)-National Trust of Australia – ACT:
Public Engagement and Community Planning- Planning Institute
Australia: ACT Division Awards for Planning Excellence
National Landscape Architecture Award (West Belconnen Landscape and
Open Space Strategy)- Australian Institute of Landscape Architects
National Landscape Architecture Award- Australian Institute of Landscape